How is Hong Kong
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Of unnecessary, tourist trips to Hong Kong is currently being made due to ongoing entry restrictions advised against.
Hong Kong has hardly been affected by COVID-19 so far.
The Hong Kong Center for Health Protection and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.
Entry into Hong Kong for people without permanent residence permit is not possible.
Persons with a residence permit returning from abroad must undergo a mandatory 21-day quarantine after entry, which must be spent in a hotel designated by the Hong Kong government. For travelers who are already fully vaccinated against COVID-19, only a 14-day hotel quarantine with a subsequent seven-day “self-monitoring” applies. On arrival in Hong Kong, a hotel reservation in English or Chinese for a minimum of 21 or 14 days from the date of arrival must be presented. In addition, travelers must undergo a saliva test at the "Temporary Specimen Collection Center" (TSCC) of the Department of Health upon entry. The test result has to be awaited at the airport.
When entering the country in the late afternoon or evening, travelers will be accommodated in a hotel provided by the state until the test result is available. If you want, you can stay at the TSCC during the night and wait for the result there. If the test result is positive, inpatient accommodation in the hospital will be arranged.
Germany is classified by the Hong Kong authorities as a high-risk country in the list of countries.
In addition to the hotel reservation, a negative PCR test must be presented upon entry together with a confirmation that the laboratory is ISO 15189 certified or recognized by the German authorities. Further details on the additional documents required upon entry and information on the list of ISO 15189 certified laboratories are published on the website of the Consulate General Hong Kong. More information on Hong Kong entry requirements can be found on the Hong Kong Government website.
Transit and onward travel
Transit via Hong Kong to enter mainland China is currently not permitted.
Transit from mainland China via Hong Kong is possible provided the onward flight is with the same airline, a boarding pass for the connecting flight is available and the baggage has been checked through to the final destination. The connecting flight must be made within 24 hours. More information is available on the Hong Kong Airport website.
The following border crossings are open:
- Hong Kong International Airport (24 hours),
- Shenzhen Bay (10 a.m. to 10 p.m.),
- Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (10 a.m. to 8 p.m., for vehicles until 10 p.m.).
The Government of Hong Kong provides current information.
Restrictions in the country
There are no restrictions on the freedom of travel and movement in Hong Kong.
Mouth and nose protection is still required in public places. Group gatherings of more than four people in public are prohibited. Restaurants, fitness facilities, etc. are open again (to a limited extent). Depending on the increase in the number of cases, the measures may be tightened again.
- Observe the current hygiene rules of the Government of Hong Kong.
- Find out more on the website of the Hong Kong Center for Health Protection CHP and the Government of Hong Kong.
- Inquire about the current entry requirements at the Hong Kong representation responsible for you before you start your journey and contact your airline if necessary, also in the event of an onward flight.
- Note that land entry into mainland China is currently severely restricted.
- When returning to Germany, please note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, proof and, if applicable, quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, and if you are entering from a risk area, contact the health department of your stay or Place of residence. Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
In Hong Kong, a new security law came into force on July 1, 2020, which provides for threats of punishment up to life imprisonment for new and not clearly defined offenses of secession, subversion, terrorism and cooperation with foreign states. At the same time, acts committed by foreigners outside Hong Kong territory are also included in the scope of the law. It cannot be completely ruled out that German citizens in Hong Kong will be affected by measures based on the new law. Demonstrations and arrests have already taken place in response to the publication of the law. There may be further protests and clashes with security forces.
- Find out about the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
The crime rate is low. However, petty crimes such as pickpocketing occur in busy locations such as airports, public transportation, and major shopping streets. Isolated attacks, especially at night, and the use of knockout drops for the purpose of fraud cannot be ruled out.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, in the subway, on the bus and watch out for your valuables.
- Do not leave drinks unattended in bars and clubs.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate
The climate is subtropical with mild, changeable winters and hot, humid summers.
Hong Kong is regularly hit by monsoon rains, as well as typhoons, which can cause flooding and dangerous landslides. Significant traffic disruptions can also occur in air traffic and the closure of all public buildings in the event of a “Typhoon 8” warning.
The main typhoon season is from May to October.
Hong Kong is in a seismically active zone, which is why earthquakes can occur.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
Well-functioning metro (MTR), bus and ferry connections existed. There is a rapid transit train to Chek Lap Kok Airport, as well as to Shenzhen and Guangzhou with international passport control.
Left-hand traffic applies in Hong Kong.
Depending on the provider, rental cars can only be rented at the age of 23 or 25, but an offer with a chauffeur is common.
In cars, taxis and minibuses it is compulsory to wear seat belts, which can be punished with a fine if they are not complied with.
The German driver's license is recognized, but it is recommended that you bring the international driver's license with you.
In Hong Kong, a fine is imposed on all pollution. This threat of fines applies to throwing away cigarette butts and packaging material of any kind, spitting outside the numerous waste baskets and graffiti spray contamination.
Smoking is prohibited in public transport, taxis and elevators, as well as in most buildings, and fines are imposed for violations.
Bathing in the nude and topless sunbathing on Hong Kong beaches is prohibited and can be punished with a fine.
Even the importation and possession of small quantities of drugs such as cannabis, cocaine or ecstasy are subject to severe penalties.
The gun law in Hong Kong is considerably stricter than that in Germany. Basically, a certificate of authorization is required for almost every firearm, especially for gas pistols and similar weapons. A violation of Hong Kong's gun law is punished severely and is already given if the gun is only found in transit baggage.
According to the strict gun law, the import, possession or use of stun guns and pulse weapons is strictly prohibited in Hong Kong and is punishable by fines of HKD 100,000 or imprisonment for up to 14 years.
Money / credit cards
The local currency is the Hong Kong Dollar (HKD). Withdrawing cash from ATMs and paying with credit cards are possible everywhere.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: No
- Provisional identity card: No
- Children's passport: Yes
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
At the time of entry, travel documents must be valid for one month longer than the intended length of stay.
In the case of onward travel to other countries in Southeast Asia, however, travel documents should, if possible, be valid for six months after the planned stay.
The requirements of individual airlines for the documents to be carried by their passengers differ in part from the state regulations.
- If you are traveling on to other Southeast Asian countries, please inquire with your airline before you start your journey.
German nationals do not need a visa to enter the country and stay for up to 90 days.
After leaving the country (e.g. to Macau or to the People's Republic of China with a visa previously obtained in Germany), a visa-free stay of 90 days in Hong Kong can be granted immediately afterwards, provided that a German passport that is valid for at least six months is presented upon entry.
Long term stays
Permanent residence or work visas must be applied for before entering the country. Applications are to be sent either via the Chinese embassy in Berlin or by post directly to the Hong Kong Immigration Department. Applications sent by fax or email will not be accepted.
Spouses of people entering or investing in Hong Kong on a work visa do not require prior approval from the Immigration Department to take up work.
Working Holiday Visa
Germans between the ages of 18 and 30 have the opportunity to spend up to a year in Hong Kong as part of a working holiday and take part-time jobs there in order to finance their stay or to further their vocational training. For such a vacation work stay you need a so-called Working Holiday Visa, which can be applied for in advance at the responsible Chinese diplomatic mission in Germany. During your stay in Hong Kong you can only work for one and the same employer for up to three months and then you have to change jobs.
There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.
There are no import restrictions for foreign currencies, but cash (cash or transferable bearer papers) with a value of HKD 120,000 or more must be declared at Hong Kong Customs.
Visitors are allowed to import the following goods for their own consumption:
- 1 liter of alcohol
- 19 cigarettes or 1 cigar or 25 grams of cigars or tobacco
For more information, contact the Hong Kong Customs Service.
Travelers who provide incorrect or incomplete information about goods to be declared in their possession to a customs officer can be prosecuted.
The approval of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department is generally required for the importation of pets; there are strict quarantine regulations. Information is available from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department of Hong Kong.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and vaccinations against hepatitis B, typhoid, rabies and Japanese encephalitis are recommended for long-term stays, special exposure or when traveling beyond Hong Kong to southern China or Southeast Asia.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
Dengue viruses are diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The infection rarely occurs in Hong Kong itself. Most of those treated in Hong Kong contracted the infection in southern China or Southeast Asia.
The disease is usually associated with fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs and is increasingly affecting travelers as well. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see also information sheet on dengue fever.
- To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Hong Kong is considered malaria-free, see DTG.
HIV / AIDS
The incidence of HIV in the Hong Kong population has been low so far. However, there is a fundamental risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see also the information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, most diarrheal diseases can be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
This infectious disease has been causing occasional severe respiratory diseases, primarily in countries of the Arabian Peninsula, since 2012. The cause is a coronavirus (MERS-CoV), the biology of which has not been conclusively clarified. Camels appear to be involved in transmission to humans.Transmissions from person to person only occurred in very close contact with the sick, see leaflet MERS-Coronavirus.
In November 2018, MERS-CoV occurred in one case in China (Guangdong Province). This was an infected person who had come from Korea and traveled to Huizhou via Hong Kong and Shenzhen. The patient received medical treatment, more than 30 people were quarantined, and no further infections were reported.
The Ministry of Health in Hong Kong has activated an increased alert response level with regard to MERS-CoV. Every traveler arriving at Baiyun Airport in Hong Kong is specifically examined with the thermal camera. The Robert Koch Institute offers further information and a current risk assessment.
The World Health Organization (WHO) sees no reason for restrictions in travel or trade.
Avian influenza (bird flu)
Since 2013, human diseases with an influenza virus H7N9, which has previously only occurred in birds, have been known in China. Individual cases were imported from China to Hong Kong. Human-to-human transmission has not yet been proven. As before, the recommendations for countries with occurrences of individual bird flu diseases in humans are valid, see also the Avian Influenza leaflet.
The classic avian influenza (highly pathogenic form of avian influenza, bird flu) is endemic in the People's Republic of China and occasionally also reaches Hong Kong through the brisk movement of people and goods. As in other Asian countries, isolated diseases have rarely occurred in humans with close contact with poultry in recent years.
This virus infection of the brain, transmitted by nocturnal mosquitoes, has only occurred in a few isolated cases in Hong Kong in recent years. Pigs and waterfowl in particular are infected with the virus without becoming ill themselves. Diseases in humans are rather rare, but are often severe, especially in children, and often leave lasting damage or are fatal. The therapy is symptomatic, there is no specific medication, see leaflet Japanese encephalitis.
- To avoid Japanese encephalitis, protect yourself against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially at night, and get vaccinated if necessary.
Tsutsugamushi fever (scrub typhus)
This fever disease, which is transmitted by mites, only poses a low risk of infection when hiking in the surrounding hills.
- To avoid tsutsugamushi fever when hiking, protect yourself with insect-repellent skin products and appropriate clothing as part of exposure prophylaxis.
Air pollution can cause medical problems in Hong Kong, especially for people with previous illnesses.
Medical care in Hong Kong is excellent and on par with European standards, but it can be expensive.
- Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
- Take your individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see the first-aid kit leaflet.
- Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical doctors or travel doctors and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.
In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:
- All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
- The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
- All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
- In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always just a consultation offer. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.
Country information about your travel destination
Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.
Further information for your trip
The global threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings remains unchanged.
Since September 2014, the terrorist organizations “Al Qaeda” and “Islamic State” (IS) have been threatened with attacks against various countries and their nationals. There were a number of attacks with firearms, explosives, kidnappings and hostage-taking.
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