How is mathematics used in aerospace engineering

How is math used in aerospace engineering?

mathematics is the basic tool in aerospace engineering. Whether modeling shapes, designing on the computer, checking stresses and strains, calculating flow dynamics or determining areas, mathematics is the root of all these activities. Mathematics is the fundamental principle of almost all construction, and there are few major functions that can be performed without being used in any way.


Elevator is the basic concept of aviation. It requires an understanding of Bernoulli's equations how linear velocities and areas are calculated. All of these actions are very computationally intensive. Some require simple multiplication, others require equation solving with calculus. Without being able to mathematically calculate a force of lift on a wing, it would be impossible to determine whether a design for an airplane would allow it to fly.


The heavier an aircraft, the more lift it takes to fly. Therefore, aerospace engineers are looking for lighter materials to use in aircraft construction. However, the materials must still have the necessary strengths to withstand the stresses and strains that are part of flight, take-off and landing. Mathematics plays a crucial role in determining material strengths and their responses to various loads.

Fluid mechanics

Moving air becomes treated as a liquid. Fluid mechanics is a crucial study for aerospace engineers. It helps them understand what forces air exerts on a moving object and how they can act on a vehicle in flight. Fluid mechanics is very computationally intensive and requires an understanding of analysis and linear algebra.


Aircraft are not funded unless they are economically feasible. Math skills help engineers understand costs, what tradeoffs can be made, and what future impact a decision may have on the cost of a project. Math helps an engineer formulate the economic justification for all recommendations to a project that require a financial outlay.

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