How is South Africa

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The Federal Foreign Office and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) provide basic data on South Africa. The government publications such as the Official Guide, the South Africa Yearbook and the official website of the South African government are very informative; they contain numerous sub-chapters on the environment, resources, economy, trade, infrastructure, politics, education, society and health.

Statistics South Africa provides relevant statistics. The 2011 Census was carried out in October 2011; after that, the population of South Africa was 51,770,560. In mid-2015 there were 44.22 million blacks (80.5%), 4.83 million colored (8.8%), 4.53 million whites (8.3%) and 1.36 million South Africans / - Indians of Indian origin (2.5%). Regarding the officially 8.3 percent whites at the time, it should be mentioned that 95,158 whites emigrated between 2011 and mid-2015. In July 2019, Statistics South Africa estimated the total population at 58,775,022 million people, of which 80.70% were black, 8.8% colored, 2.6% South Africans of Indian origin and 7.9% white. In contrast to the racist apartheid categories, the subdivisions and terms mentioned here are not intended to be discriminatory, but reflect the (self) definitions used in South Africa today.

Regarding the regional population distribution: Gauteng is the smallest and most populous province, in July 2018 an estimated 14.7 million lived there and in July 2019 15.17 million. It follows KwaZulu-Natal with 11.28 million in July 2019 according to Statistics South Africa. In July 2019, 6.71 million people lived in the Eastern Cape - mainly due to emigration. In July 2019, 6.84 million lived in the Western Cape. In Limpopo there were 5.98 million in July 2019, according to Statistics South Africa. During the same period, Mpumalanga Province had 4.59 million, North West 4.02 million, and Free State 2.88 million. The Northern Cape, the largest province in terms of area, had 1.26 million inhabitants in July 2019.
Gauteng and the Western Cape have the highest growth rates in terms of immigrant populations. For Gauteng there were an estimated 1.04 million inland migrants in July 2018 and for the Western Cape 311,000. Above all, emigration characterizes the Eastern Cape, where the highest proportion of children, adolescents and old people live in 2018 compared to the provinces. The national share of young people under the age of 15 was 28.8% in July 2019 and the share of those over 60 was 9% according to Statistics South Africa.