The close command is used to tell the Media Control Interface that you are done with the microphone. If you wanted to play the entire waveform, you could do so with:. Furthermore, one of the goals of the High level API is to allow the playback or recording to be done by the operating system in the background while your program goes on to do other things. Furthermore, when you use mciSendCommand to command the MCI Sequencer or Wave Audio Device to return some information to you, for example if you ask it to tell you what bit resolution and sample rate is currently set for recording , then these devices will fill in structures with binary values. A sample is the smallest unit of sound within a given waveform file. The MCI Sequencer and Wave Audio devices are meant to be controlled by programs written in languages where it is easier to deal with simply sending and receiving back binary values and structures such as C , as well as languages where it is much easier to deal with strings such as Basic. You’ve got your choice or you can use both.

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This Microsoft Windows article is a stub.

You use the function mciSendCommand to send commands using this approach. It does all of the Low level API stuff on your behalf. For example it may return a string that looks like “bitspersample 8 channels 1 samplespersec “.

In this case, it gives the recording session the name “mysong” so that future instructions can refer to it. Each of these so-called MCI devices e.

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Other MCI devices have also been made available over time. Some commands you issue can cause the device to return data to you. In other words, if you know the commands to tell the MCI Wave Device to do something simple such as start playback, then you already know the same commands for the MCI Sequencer Device or vice versa.

Passing strings to an MCI device is referred to as using the “Command string interface”.

Example: Record a Waveform File

The WAIT instruction just waits for two seconds. The close command is used to tell the Media Control Interface that you are done with the waveform file.

Indeed, many of the documented commands are the same for both.

Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements All stub articles. We use the alias parameter so that we can refer to this media entity as ding instead of always using the full path to ding.

The WAIT instruction just waits for five seconds. Your program would then have to parse that string to extract the individual record parameters.

The procedure first opens “c: It uses relations described in Windows registries or in the [MCI] section of the file system.

For example, let’s take that same job of telling the MCI Wave Device to set itself up for recording a KHz sample rate, stereo, 8-bit waveform. Record a Waveform File. If you wanted to play the entire waveform, you could do so with:. You use the function mciSendString to send commands mfi this approach.

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Playing a Waveform-Audio File

The new flag tells MCI that the waveaudio device should be opened for recording, not playback. Wageform play command is used to start playing from one time to another. Indeed, for any operation that you do, this is the file that is operated upon.

Record a Waveform File. The operating system also incorporates a software entity known as the “MCI Sequencer Device” which can play a MIDI song ie, an entire song stored as a series of MIDI messages all by itself after receiving a few instructions from your program.

The device ID or alias you wavefrom from each instance of opening the device is akin to a file handle.

Media Control Interface

Example of such commands are mciSendCommand or mciSendString. The procedure wsveform opens the waveaudio device by issuing an open command. The alias parameter is required when using the new flag. It is not necessary to specify an wavveform time for the play command. You can also give commands to these files to have them perform other operations upon themselves.

And there are other cases where you may find it easier yourself to use strings, or easier to use binary values.